Humans have a biological need to be connected in relationships. For
young children, life itself depends on these connections. When an
individual is traumatized by physical, emotional, or sexual abuse,
there is also a biological urge to recoil from the source of the
injury. This contradiction in biological urges, to connect or to
recoil, creates ambivalent feelings about attachment.
The more that the individual’s real or experienced survival depends on an abuser, the more dramatic the internal conflict.
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